The Disappeared Car Brand -- Pontiac History (1)
- 06 Jul, 2019
In the 1980s, an American TV drama Knight Rider, perhaps you would have a slight impression of a cool car in the drama. That's right, the prototype of that car is from Pontiac, its name is Firebird. In fact, the Pontiac brand has been born for more than 100 years. In 2009, with the outbreak of the global financial crisis, it eventually died out, and today let us review its history.
Pontiac's predecessor company
The incorporation of Pontiac Spring & Wagon Works and Oakland company
In 1909, General Motors President William C. Durant acquired a 50% stake in Auckland Motors. Later in the same year, due to the 45-year-old Edward Murphy died unexpectedly, General Motors also acquired the remaining 50% stake of Auckland Motors. Auckland Motors has also officially become one of the GM's many automotive brands.
The beginning of the development of Pontiac
Used to fill the gap between Oldsmobile and Chevrolet
By 1942, Pontiac began producing an inline eight-cylinder engine car model, and a model called "Streamliner" was born. The car features a torpedo body design (a popular body design at the time). The body is characterized by an integrated design of the engine and the front cockpit of the car. There is no B-pillar, making the overall look very Smooth. After the launch of this model, it has further aroused people's attention to this brand.
In 1946, a hardtop convertible called Catalina was born. This model is very similar to the Chevrolet Bel Air at the time. In 1949, a brand new Pontiac model was born, called "Pontiac Chieftain". The introduction of this model replaced the previous Streamliner Torpedoes. It is powered by an inline 6-cylinder and inline 8-cylinder with a maximum power of 90 hp (67 kW) and 103 hp (77 kW).
Begin to develop towards the direction of sporty gradually.
By the 1950s, Pontiac was recognized as a quiet, reliable car, but the engine was not very powerful, and the V8 engine began to become popular at that time. Previously, Pontiac's inline 8-cylinder engine was not only heavy and longer. The crankshaft of an 8-cylinder engine is too long and prone to distort, So Pontiac began to develop a new V8 engine.
In 1952, the Pontiac Streamliner series was discontinued. By 1954, Pontiac's new model Star Chief replaced its position. At the same time, since 1953, Pontiac's models have also eliminated the design of the two models of the original windshield, all using the overall windshield design, the new design not only increases the driver's field of vision, but also makes the entire body design change more fashionable. Since 1955, the engine of several models sold by Pontiac have also been replaced with a brand new V8 engine which maximum power has reached 173 horsepower (129 kW). With the production of the V8 engine, Pontiac models are gradually moving towards the direction of sports.
It is worth mentioning that the logo of Pontiac that produced between 1926 and 1956 has always adopted the Indian head. The name of the Pontiac car is taken from the name of an American town - Pontiac. It was used to commemorate Pontiac, the leader of an Indian Ottawa tribe in American history. In 1763, he led troops to attack the British army that besieged Detroit and successfully annihilated a British army that came to reinforce. So it is not difficult to find that this logo carries a typical "personal heroism."